Inconel 600 Tech Data, Inconel 600, Nickel 600 Sheet 600 Plate 600 Pipe 600 Tube 600 Tubing 600 Bar 600 AMS 5540 ASTM-B-168 UNS N06600 AMS 5580 ASTM-B-163 B-167 MIL-T-7840 ASTM-B-167 AMS 5665 ASTM-B-166 MIL-N-6710

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Inconel 600 Technical Data

Description: Inconel 600 is a nonmagnetic, nickel-based high temperature alloy possessing an excellent combination of high strength, hot and cold workability, and resistance to ordinary form of corrosion. Inconel 600 also displays good heat resistance and freedom from aging or stress corrosion throughout the annealed to heavily cold worked condition range.

Applications: Barge and tank truck liners, carburizing atmospheres, ethylene dichloride crackers, furnace trays, mufflers, hangers, gasoline stabilizer production, MgCl2 evaporates, phenol condensers, soap manufacture, titanium dioxide, vegetable and fatty acid vessels

Specifications: UNS N06600, W. Nr 2.4816, AMS 5540 Sheet, Strip and Plate, AMS 5665 Bar, Forgings and Rings, AMS 5580 Seamless Tubing, ASTM B168 Plate, ASTM B166 Bar, ASTM B167 Seamless Pipe, ASTM B163 Seamless Tube, ASTM B517 Weld Pipe, ASTM B516 Weld Tube, ASTM B564 Forging, MIL-N-22986, MIL-N-23338, MIL-N-6710, QQ-W-390, MIL-N-15721, MIL-N-22987, MIL-N-23229, MIL-N-6840, NA14

  

      

 

Chemical Composition:

C Mn S Si Cr Ni + Co Fe Cu
0.05 0.25 0.002 0.20 15.5 Balance 8.0 0.10

 

 

Typical Mechanical Properties:

Alloy 600 - Rod and Bar

Form and Condition

Tensile Strength Mpa Yield Strength  (0.2% Offset) Mpa

Elongation (%)

Annealed 552-689 172-345 55-35
As-Drawn 724-1034 552-862 30-10

 

Corrosion Resistance:
The high chromium content of alloy 600 raises its oxidation resistance considerably above that of pure nickel, while its high nickel content provides good corrosion resistance under reducing conditions. This alloy exhibits high levels of resistance to stress and salt water, exhaust gases, and most organic acids and compounds.

Impact Resistance:
Alloy 600 shows excellent toughness even at subzero temperatures. The following are typical results for standard size Charpy V-Notch impact specimens machined from plate.

Test Temperature Charpy Impact Strength, ft-lb (Joules)
Degrees  F Degrees  C Annealed As Hot Rolled Cold Rolled
-100 (-73) 180 (244) 180 (244) --
70 (21) 180 (244) 180 (244) 155 (156)
1000 (538) 160 (217) 160 (217) --

Physical Properties:

Density:
8.42 g/cm3 (0.304 lbs/in3)

Specific Gravity:
8.42

Magnetic Permeability:
I<1.02

Specific Heat:
32-212 Degrees  F       0.11 Btu/lb-Degrees  F
(0-100 Degrees  C)      460 Joules/kg-Degrees  K


      

Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

Average from
 
Linear Coefficient
of Thermal Expansion
 
70Degrees  F (21Degrees  C) to Degrees  F (Degrees  C) 10-6 / Degrees  F 10-6 / Degrees  F
200
 
(93) 6.9 12.4
400 (204) 7.3 13.1
600 (316) 7.6 13.7
800 (427) 7.9 14.2
1000 (538) 8.1 14.6
1200 (649) 8.4 15.1
1400 (760) 8.7 15.7

Thermal Conductivity

Temperature Thermal Conductivity
Degrees  F (Degrees  C) Btu-ft / h-ft2 - Degrees  F W/m - Degrees  K
70
 
21 8.6 14.8
200 93 8.9 15.4
400 204 9.9 17.1
600 316 10.8 18.7
8000 427 11.9 20.6
1000 538 13.0 22.5


      

Elastic Modulus, Modulus of Rigidity, and Poisson's Ratio

Temperature Elastic Modulus (E) Units of Modulus of Rigidity (G) Units of Poisson's Ratio
Degrees  F Degrees  C 106 psi GPa 106 psi GPa ()
70 21 30 207 11 76 0.29

Creep and Stress Rupture Properties:
Typical stress rupture properties of Alloy 600 are presented below in comparison to some other materials. The data indicate that Alloy 600 has modest load carrying ability in the temperature range in which creep and stress rupture are design criteria.

Temperature Stress, psi (MPa) to Produce Rupture in
Degrees  F Degrees  C Alloy 10 hr 100 hr 1000 hr
  304 43,000 (297) 34,000 (234)
1000 (538) 600 74,000 (510) 50,000 (345) 34,000 (234)
  A-286 100,000 (690) 95,000 (655) 88,000 (607)
  304 23,000 (159) 16,000 (110)
1200 (649) 600 34,000 (234) 23,000 (159) 14,5000 (100)
  800 40,000 (276) 32,000 (221) 21,000 (145)
1350 (732) 600 20,000 (138) 13,500 (93) 9,200 (63)
  A-286 49,000 (338) 35,000 (241) 21,000 (145)



Heat Treatment:
Alloy 600 is not an age hardening alloy; cold working is the only available means of hardening. Softening by annealing begins at about 1600 Degrees F (871 Degrees C), and is reasonably complete after 10 to 15 minutes of heating at 1800 Degrees F (982 Degrees C). Above this temperature, grain growth may be objectionable, although very brief heating at 1900 Degrees F will cause complete softening without undue grain growth. Since the rate of cooling has no effect on the softening, the material may be water quenched or air cooled.

Workability:

Hot Working/Forging

Low sulfur reducing furnace atmospheres should be used in forging. Major hot working should be done between 2300/1850 Degrees F, while light working may be continued as low as 1600 Degrees F. No hot working should be attempted between 1600/1200 Degrees F due to lower ductility in that range.

Machinability
Alloy 600 is machinable in both the hot worked and annealed conditions. Because considerable heat is generated in machining this alloy, high-speed steel, cast nonferrous or cemented carbide tools should be used. The tools should be kept sharp. Lathe turning speeds with high-speed and nonferrous tools are 35/45 sfm (0.18/0.23 m/s); speeds with cemented carbide tools are 100/175 sfm (0.51/0.89 m/s). (This data should be used as a guide for initial machine setup only. The figures used are averages. On certain work, the nature of the part may require adjustment of speeds and feeds.) Sulfur-based oil should be used as a lubricant, but should be completely removed before the machined part is exposed to elevated temperatures, as in welding.

Cold Working
For higher properties, alloy 600 can be cold worked below 1200 Degrees F (649 Degrees C).

Welding
Alloy 600 can be joined by the usual welding, brazing, and soldering process.

 

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